Geography Study Guide: Rivers

The Water Cycle

Be able to describe and draw how the water cycle works.

Be able to identify: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, run off, oceans

The Path of a River

Be able to describe the path of a river from snowy mountaintop to the ocean using these terms: source, run off, meander, floodplain,tributary, mouth, estuary

Be able to draw a diagram of the path of a river

The Amazon River

*the largest river in the world

* located in South America

The Nile River

* the longest river in the world

*located in Africa

*flows from South to North

The Murray River

*largest river system in Australia

*the largest tributary is called the Darling River


a large artificial lake used to store water for drinking, irrigating crops, producing electricity or to prevent flooding

River Pollution

Be able to state causes of river pollution, e.g. sewage, chemical waste from factories, fertilisers and pesticides from farming, waste oil, rubbish

Be able to discuss ways that river pollution can be prevented

Acid Rain

Be able to explain how acid rain is formed

Use terms: evaporation, condensation,


Building Along a River

Be able to describe why ports, cities and

factories are built along rivers

Be able to discuss the disadvantages of

building along rivers or estuaries


will not let liquid pass through, e.g. rock


lets liquid pass through, e.g. soil, soft rock