History Study Guide- Ancient Greece

Athens The largest city-state in Ancient Greece


Acropolis A city in Ancient Greece built high on a hill


Democracy A type of government where the power is held by the people

Originated in Ancient Greece


Isthmus A small strip of land connecting two larger land masses


Citizen Someone who had all the rights and power in Ancient Greece

Slaves could not be citizens


Mount Olympus The name of the highest mountain in Greece

Believed to be where the Ancient Greek gods lived


Parthenon A temple constructed in honour of the goddess Athena

Details about the Parthenon:

frieze, pediment, columns, steps

Bonus: Be able to tell what type of columns were used and how many on each side


Peninsula A land mass that is surrounded by water on three sides

Greece is formed from this type of land mass

Bonus: What is the Greek name for this land mass? Peloponnesus


Agora An open-air market in the center of town in Ancient Greece


Sparta A small city-state in Ancient Greece where young boys train to be warriors


Olympics A sports competition begun in Ancient Greece

Originally began as a religious ceremony

The foot race was the first Olympic event


Myths Stories to explain mysterious events


Assembly Where citizens in the Ancient Greece city-state of Athens came to pass laws


Trade Ancient Greeks lacked natural resources so had to trade with other city-states for their resources


Bodies of water important for Greek trade:

Mediterranean Sea

Ionian Sea

Black Sea

Aegean Sea

Sea of Crete


Gods and goddesses Be able to list two details about the following gods and goddesses:

Zeus, Aphrodite, Apollo, Poseidon, Artemis, Ares, Hades, Athena


The gods and goddesses were both human and divine. They were powerful like gods, but had human emotions